Truth from the sewage: are we flushing privacy down the drain?
Wastewater is a new source of information being harvested in the fight against a wide range of phenomena, such as cancer, drug production, and Covid19. Law enforcement agencies monitor sewage systems to locate buildings where XTC and amphetamines are produced. Smart toilets allow citizens to analyse their faeces for prevalent diseases. National Health Institutes monitor wastewater to alert them of early virus outbreaks. Given the wealth of information that can be harvested, sewage monitoring might become one of the most common and invasive forms of surveillance in the coming years. Although potentially problematic in light of the right to privacy and data protection, it is unclear whether and to what extent the various forms of sewage monitoring would fall under the material scope of these rights. In addition, if they would, the question is whether they would be prohibited or would meet the various requirements entailed in the relevant legal instruments.
EJLT is an open access journal, aiming to disseminate academic work and perspectives as widely as possible to the benefit of the author and the author’s readers. It is the assumption of the EJLT that authors who publish in the journal wish their work to be available as freely and as widely as possible through the open access publishing channel.
Authors who publish with EJLT will retain copyright and moral rights in the underlying work but will grant all users the rights to copy, store and print for non-commercial use copies of their work. Commercial mirroring may also be carried out with the consent of the journal. The work must remain as published – without redaction or editing – and must clearly state the identity of the author and the originating EJLT url of the article. Any commercial use of the author’s work - apart from mirroring - requires the permission of the author and any aspects of the article which are the property of EJLT (e.g. typographical format) requires permission from EJLT.
Authors can sometimes become no longer contactable (through, for example, death or retirement). If this occurs, any rights in the work will pass to the European Journal of Law and Technology which will continue to make the work available in as wide a manner as possible to achieve the aims of open access and ensuring that an author's work continues to be available. An author - or their estate - can recover these rights from EJLT by providing contact information.
The European Journal of Law and Technology holds rights in format, publication and dissemination.
EJLT, as a non-commercial organisation - which receives donations to allow it to continue publishing – must retain information on reader access to journal articles. This means that we will not give permission to mirror the journal unless we can be provided with full details as to reader access to each and every journal article. We prefer and encourage deep linking rather than mirroring. Encouragement is thus given for all users – commercial and non-commercial – to provide indexes and links to articles in the EJLT where the index or link points to the location of the article on the EJLT server, rather than to stored copies on other servers.
Please contact the European Journal of Law and Technology if you are in any doubt as to what this statement of use covers.