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Author Guidelines

EJLT has a preferred publication style, but will not enforce this upon authors. So long as the format of an article and the footnoting etc. is consistent and coherent within the article itself, it will be considered suitable for publishing. 

Our primary request is that you do not use 'Ibid' and 'Supra' forms of internal referencing.  These are appropriate for print journals but cause us problems in setting up for electronic publication (and we find that authors frequently have made alterations to the their text footnotes/endnotes which has caused errors in their internal citing anyway).  Also, please use either footnotes or endnotes - in the eventual publication they will all appear as endnotes.

The following style guide is our preference:


In order to keep footnotes to a minimum references to sources should where possible appear in the body of the article following social science conventions.

Where an article/author is quoted directly e.g Smith and Jones (1996) argue ...., the year of publication alone should appear in parentheses.

If an article/author is referenced indirectly e.g. Many sources indicate this is not true (Carter J, 1996, p.5) the surname, then the year of publication and and the page reference if it relates to a specific part of the text should appear in parentheses.

If there is more than one reference to work by the same author in the same year, the references should be distinguished by adding the suffix 'a', 'b', 'c' etc. to the year of publication e.g. (Smith, Y, 1995a, pp.5-7).

A full citation of all references should appear in the bibliography according to the form below:

1. Books

Smith, D (1988), The Information Society (London: Polity Press).

Smith, D (1987a), 'The Information Society and Public Policy' in Gregory, F (ed) Information Technology: The public issues (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Smith, D (1987b), Law and Information (London: Polity Press).

2. Journal Articles

Davies D (1995) 'Law and the Internet', Computer Law and Practice 110.

3. Conference Proceedings

Bruce, T (1995), 'Legal Information, Open Models, and Current Practice', Montreal Conference on Crown Copyright in Cyberspace, May 1995.

4. Multiple Authors

Smith, D and Blanc, R (1988), The Information Society (London: Polity Press).

Smith, D, Blanc, R and Floyd, K (1995), The Information Society (London: Polity Press).

5. Cases and Paragraph Numbers Within Cases

Where there exists a netural citation system, this should be used as the sole citation for the case:

Navitaire Inc v Easyjet Airline Co. & Anor [2004] EWHC 1725 (Ch)

The EJLT will attempt to include links to cases which are held on Bailii (htp:// or WorldLII ( since this allows deep linking directly to both the case and to paragraphs within the case. Cases held on Legal Information Instutitute sites (LIIs) frequently provide parallel citations to other sources of a case.

6. Statutes

Data Protection Act 1984, s.10.

The abbreviation 's' should be used only following the title of an Act or in parentheses; otherwise 'section' should be written in full. In both cases the 's' is lower case unless it begins a sentence.

7. Links to URLs

When quoting a URL within an article it should include the http:// indicator e.g.

Format of Articles

Headings should appear as follows

Title of Article

1. Main Heading

1.1 Sub Heading

1.1.1 Sub-Sub Heading

Headings below the sub-subheading level are discouraged. If absolutely necessary they should appear in italics without any numbering.

Footnotes should be numbered consecutively and appear as endnotes at the end of an article.


Publishing for the web is slightly different than publishing on paper and gaps between words or sentences look quite noticeable online. Therefore only one space (rather than the conventional two spaces as with a word document) is required between the end of one sentence and the start of another.

Single rather than double quotation marks should be used.;

Spelling should comply with British, not American forms, e.g. -ise, not ize, as in nationalise.

Numbers one to twelve and per cent to be spelt out.

The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

EJLT is an open access journal, aiming to disseminate academic work and perspectives as widely as possible to the benefit of the author and the author’s readers.  Further, EJLT wishes to assimilate research work into the undergraduate curriculum: the open access model allows easy integration of advanced research work with teaching through encouraging deep linking from reading lists and e-learning systems.

It is the  assumption of the EJLT that authors who publish in the journal wish their work to be available as freely and as widely as possible through the open access publishing channel.

Authors who publish with EJLT will retain copyright and moral rights in the underlying work but will grant all users the rights to copy, store and print for non-commercial use copies of their work. Commercial mirroring may also be carried out with the consent of the journal. The work must remain as published – without redaction or editing – and must clearly state the identity of the author and the originating EJLT url of the article.  Any commercial use of the author’s work - apart from mirroring - requires the permission of the author and any aspects of the article which are the property of EJLT (e.g. typographical format) requires permission from EJLT.

Authors can sometimes become no longer contactable (through, for example, death or retirement).  If this occurs, any rights in the work will pass to the European Journal of Law and Technology which will continue to make the work available in as wide a manner as possible to achieve the aims of open access and ensuring that an author's work continues to be available.  An author - or their estate - can recover these rights from EJLT by providing contact information.

The European Journal of Law and Technology holds rights in format, publication and dissemination.
EJLT, as a non-commercial organisation - which receives donations to allow it to continue publishing – must retain information on reader access to journal articles. This means that we will not give permission to mirror the journal unless we can be provided with full details as to reader access to each and every journal article.  We prefer and encourage deep linking rather than mirroring.  Encouragement is thus given for all users – commercial and non-commercial – to provide indexes and links to articles in the EJLT where the index or link points to the location of the article on the EJLT server, rather than to stored copies on other servers.

Please contact the European Journal of Law and Technology if you are in any doubt as to what this statement of use covers.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party except with the agreement of the individual.


ISSN: 2042-115X